Consonants: Affricates

Consonants: Affricates

Affricates are made by briefly stopping the airstream completely and then releasing the articulators slightly so that frication noises is produced. This is why phoneticians describe affricates as a sequence of a stop followed by a fricative.
English has only two affricates: [tS], as in church, and [dZ], as in judge. [tS] is pronounces like a [t] quickly followed by [S]. It is a voiceless palatal affricate. [dZ] is a combination of [d] and [Z]. What is the three-part description (voicing, place, and manner) of [dZ]?
  • Phonetic symbols are written in square brackets [ ] to distinguish them from letters written in ordinary spelling.
  • Our class uses the ASCII Phonetic Alphabet (.pdf) using fonts already on your keyboard.
  • Each sound is a single sound. So [tS], a single consonant sound, is not [tS^], which is two separate sounds, the voiceless consonant [tS] plus the voiced vowel  [^]. 
Click the speaker to hear the symbol and to hear the sound within sample words. Be sure to make the sounds as you hear them, paying attention to where and how the sounds are made in your vocal tract.






Sample Words


choke, match, feature, constituent (the 'ch" sound is actually two sounds, [t] + [S] or "sh", spoken quickly together)


judge, George, Jell-o, region (this is actually two sounds, [d] + [Z] or voiced "sh", spoken quickly together)

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